Month: November 2022

Cefepime-Induced Neurotoxicity

It should come to the surprise to no one that antibiotics tend to be the class of medications most commonly prescribed. From the “z-pack” to “augmentin” and the quinolones, they are a mainstay for outpatient and inpatient medicine. On the inpatient side, it is common to see the combination of vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam as an

Continue reading

Handling Cryptococcal Meningitis Opening Pressure

During residency, I had the opportunity to do a global health elective where I spent a month in Lima, Peru rotating through Cayetano. I spent the majority of the time in the Tropical Medicine ward, where tuberculosis was everywhere. One of the more vivid memories was a patient with AIDS and cryptococcal meningitis. The residents

Continue reading

The Semi-Procalcitonin in Bacteremia

Trying to figure out if a febrile patient showing up to the ED is having a bacterial infection is a conundrum. The main concern is bacteremia, since it confers higher mortality depending on the type of bacteremia a patient has. Inflammatory markers such as CRP and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio are relatively useful surrogates that may

Continue reading